Dear colleagues and friends,
We would like to invite you to participate in V CIAD, which will take place at Federal University of São Carlos, on September 12-14, 2018.
The fifth edition of the event will be dedicated to the relations between discourse and truth and will be entitled Discourse and (post)truth: effects of realness and meanings of conviction.Besides the traditional participation of research groups on Discourse Analysis that come from the entire country and globe, we plan to hold roundtables and conferences with Brazilian and foreign specialists. Among others, the following participations are currently confirmed: Roger Chartier (Collège de France), Elvira Arnoux (Universidad de Buenos Aires) e Tales Ab’Sáber (Universidade Federal de São Paulo).
Both the roundtables and the conferences will deal with diverse relations between discourse and truth in different fields of discursive studies, in distinct historical conditions of production and in different institutional purviews, such as media, politics and daily life. Other phenomena in which discourse, truth and social manifestations and protests interconnect, as well as the recent upcoming of notions such as “post-truth”, “fake news” and “alternative facts”, will also be approached.
We will release information on the norms and deadlines for the registration of groups and its participants for V CIAD soon.
We hope we can count on your presence and look forward to having you.
Discourse and (post)truth: effects of realness and meanings of conviction
There are diverse and fundamental relations between discourse and truth. Throughout history, in distinct conditions of production, it has once been affirmed that the truth would exist regardless of things that are said; later, that such things would be constraint or access to the true essence of beings and phenomena; and, finally, that the truth would lie on a historical construction of facts, to which the discourse is decisive. More recently, we saw the multiplication of claims that facts are no such things, so that there would only be versions and alternative interpretations.
Furthermore, we know that in different times and places, it’s not from the same fields and institutions that emerge the effects of realness and the convictions. An only, but profound and meaningful example of this transformation is the “disenchantment” of the western world, arisen in the modern era. Alongside with it, we saw religion lose strength as a practically exclusive space for production of truth, through reproduction of God’s words, progressively giving away space to the data and experiments of the scientific practice.
With respect to the contemporary tendencies that envisage the relations between discourse and truth, they are frequently conceived as a libertarian movement, once it would allow men to detach from dogma, orthodoxies and exclusive authority. Therefore, domains and institutions which had previously guided us based on its fundamental truths and other’s almost blind faith, have become more and more susceptible to our doubts and criticism. Religion, politics, media and science are no longer equally considered sources from which certainty of facts and proper ways to follow would emerge. With apparently unprecedent frequency and intensity, the belief and trust that we used to give them started to live together with skepticism, suspicion and, thus, perhaps, emancipation. Which doesn’t mean, however, that we stand before a homogenic phenomenon that is equally experimented by subjects in different social classes and groups, in different ideology and inscribed in different power relations.
On the other hand, we observe that the growing diffusion of fake news and the emergence of the concepts of ‘post-truth’ and ‘alternative facts’ have been producing effects which are quite perverse. Political and social setbacks, intolerance to behaviors, endorsement of class and gender prejudices and massive diffusion of reactionary or populist ideas and actions have been consolidated and expanded with alarming reach and strength. The omnipresence of social media decisively contributes to this reach and strength, due to its constant and widespread use and its interconnection with media outlets of distinct strata and ideologies. The results of this historical movement have already and ever clearlier been presenting themselves: assaults on affirmative action policies, on programs which address social and economic inequality and on discussions around the matters of gender and sexuality; the growth of all sorts of fascist tendencies that conduct extreme-right political leaders to electoral victories that would have been, until recently, unimaginable in Europe and in the US, but also in Brazil.
In different branches of discursive studies, whether they derive from the usually called French Discourse Analysis, from works that set their basis on the Bakhtin Circle or the Semiotics of Greimas, among others, a consensus can roughly be observed when it comes to the functioning of discursive processes. Such processes bring the same words, expressions or propositions to produce different meaning effects, but also bring different words, expressions or propositions to produce the same meanings. In the light of this considerations, we might be able to understand that the distinct relations between discourse and truth, whether they are adamantly affirmed, objects of criticism or partial adhesion, or yet absolutely rejected, may set one free as much as it can subjugate one. They can subscribe to conservative positions and give rise to reactionary and even fascist discourses, but they can just as well derive from progressive stances and produce emancipatory thoughts, actions and words.
Professor at Collège de France and at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS/Paris) and author of works such as the following: The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution (1991), The Order of Books (1994), What is an author? Revision of a genealogy (2012), Inscription and Erasure: literature and written culture (2008), among others. Among other prizes and titles, in 1990 he was the laureate of the Annual Award of the American Printing History Association,
Professor at Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA),research director at Instituto de Linguística of UBA and author of works such as: Practicas y representaciones del linguaje (1999), La lectura y la escritura en la universidad (2004), El discurso americanista de Hugo Chavez (2008), Analisis del discurso: modos de abordar materiales de archivo (2006), Unasur y sus discursos. Malvinas: integracion regional, amenaza externa (2012). Among other prizes and titles, she received in 2009 the Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado de la Facultad de Filología (Universidad de Santiago de Compostela), and in 2015 the prize of the Fundação Alexander von Humboldt (Leibniz University).
Professor at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, psychoanalyst and writer. He holds a degree in Film by the Escola de Comunicações e Artes da USP, where he also got a title as Master of Arts. Formed as a psychologist by the Instituto de Psicologia USP, where he also obtained a Ph.D on contemporary psychoanalytic clinics. He is a member of the Departamento de Psicanálise in the Instituto Sedes Sapientia and a professor of Philology of Psychoanalysis at UNIFESP. He is also the writer of books such as “O Sonhar Restaurado – Formas do Sonhar em Bion, Winnicott e Freud” (Ed. 34, Jabuti prize). In 2012, he published A Música do Tempo Infinito, a study on techno music and contemporary subjectivation which has also been awarded with the Jabuti prize. He is also the author of Lulismo, carisma pop e cultura anticrítica and Dilma Rousseff e o ódio político.